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Understanding Your FMLA Rights in California

At Hall Law Group, we are committed to defending the rights of employees under the Family and Medical Leave Act (FMLA). California offers strong legal protections to ensure that employees can take necessary leave for family and medical reasons without fear of losing their job or facing retaliation. Our goal is to help you understand your FMLA rights and provide the support you need if your employer violates these rights.

What is the Family and Medical Leave Act?

The Family and Medical Leave Act (FMLA) is a federal law that allows eligible employees to take up to 12 weeks of unpaid, job-protected leave per year for specified family and medical reasons. The FMLA is designed to help employees balance their work and family responsibilities by allowing them to take reasonable leave for certain medical conditions, family needs, and military family leave.

Who is Eligible for FMLA Leave?

To be eligible for FMLA leave, employees must meet the following criteria:

Work for a Covered Employer

The employer must have 50 or more employees within a 75-mile radius.

Duration of Employment

The employee must have worked for the employer for at least 12 months (not necessarily consecutive).

Hours Worked

The employee must have worked at least 1,250 hours during the 12 months immediately preceding the leave.

Reasons for Taking FMLA Leave

Eligible employees can take FMLA leave for the following reasons:

Personal Health

For a serious health condition that makes the employee unable to perform their job.

Family Health

To care for a spouse, child, or parent with a serious health condition.

Childbirth and Newborn Care: For the birth and care of the employee's newborn child, or for the placement of a child for adoption or foster care.

Military Family Leave

For qualifying exigencies arising out of the fact that the employee's spouse, child, or parent is a military member on covered active duty. Additionally, employees can take up to 26 weeks of leave to care for a covered service member with a serious injury or illness.

Rights and Protections Under FMLA

As an employee in California, you have several critical rights and protections under FMLA:

Job Protection

You have the right to return to the same or an equivalent job at the end of your FMLA leave. This includes maintaining the same pay, benefits, and other terms and conditions of employment.

Continuation of Health Benefits

Your employer must maintain your group health insurance coverage under the same terms and conditions as if you had not taken leave.

Intermittent Leave

You have the right to take FMLA leave intermittently or on a reduced schedule when medically necessary.

Protection from Retaliation

Your employer is prohibited from retaliating against you for exercising your FMLA rights. This includes taking adverse actions such as termination, demotion, or harassment.

Violations of FMLA Rights

If your employer violates your FMLA rights, you have several options to seek redress:

Internal Complaint

You can file a complaint with your employer's human resources department or follow the company's internal grievance procedures.

Government Complaint

You can file a complaint with the U.S. Department of Labor's Wage and Hour Division, which is responsible for enforcing the FMLA.

Legal Action

You have the right to file a lawsuit against your employer in federal or state court. Remedies may include job reinstatement, back pay, front pay, and other compensatory damages.

How We Can Help

Our experienced employment and labor law attorneys are dedicated to advocating for employees' rights under the FMLA. We understand the complexities of FMLA regulations and the significant impact that violations can have on your career and personal life. We are here to provide the support and legal expertise you need.

We offer a comprehensive range of services to support employees facing FMLA violations, including:

Case Evaluation

Conducting a thorough assessment of your situation to determine the best legal strategy.

Legal Representation

Representing you in negotiations, administrative proceedings, and court if necessary.


Advocating for your fair treatment and compliance with FMLA regulations from your current or former emploer.

Contact Us

If you believe your FMLA rights have been violated, we are here to help. Contact our firm today for a free consultation to discuss your case and explore your legal options. Together, we can fight for your rights and ensure that you receive the justice and fair treatment you deserve.

FMLA is a vital protection for employees facing significant family and medical challenges. Let us stand with you in your pursuit of justice and ensure that your rights are fully protected.

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